Religious Tour

Qom


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Every thing About Qom


Qom

• holy Islamic Shiite center
• population over 270,000
• home to Hazrat-e Masumeh shrine
• city associated with Ayatollah Khomeini
• many madrasehs (Islamic colleges) dot the city

Situated 140km south of Tehran on the edge of the Dasht-e Kavir salt desert, Qom is the site of the largest theological college in Iran. It was for this reason that the city was chosen by the Ayatollah Khomeini as the location from which he would direct the country's affairs from the time of his return from exile in 1979 until his death ten years later. Left in ruins by the Mongol invasions of the 13th century, Qom had regained its former glory by the 16th century and flourished under the Safavid Kings, who rebuilt the Hazrat-e Masumeh shrine complex on a grand scale. The shrine is second in importance only to the shrine dedicated to Imam Reza in Masshad. Other attractions include the Feyzieh Seminary, the Azam Mosque and the museum and library of Islamic studies.
The ten 14th century blue and gold domed sanctuaries visible on the city's skyline from the surrounding plains are a clear indication of the significance of Qom as a centre of Islamic worship and study. Altogether, Qom is home to 444 shrines dedicated to the descendants of the Imams.
However, the remains of a Sassanid era fire temple and evidence of a large population dating back to the 5th millennium BC show that the city itself predates Islam by many centuries. Qom is also famous for its carpets and tiles and a flat, sweet candy made from flour, pistachios and saffron called sohan.


Hazrat-e Masumeh

The most important of the many religious sites in Qom is the Hazrat-e Masumeh, a mausoleum dedicated to Fatimah Masumeh, sister of Imam Reza. Fatimah was travelling to meet her brother in Mashad when she fell ill and died in Qom. The shrine which was erected in her memory soon became a popular site of pilgrimage and remains so to this day.
The current buildings mainly date from the Safavid Period (1501-1732). Shah Abbas I (r. 1587-1629) wished to discourage his subjects from making pilgrimages to sites outside of his kingdom such as Najaf and Karbala, which were then in the hands of his enemies the Ottoman Turks.
He thus began a large scale reconstruction of the Hazrat-e Masumeh and emphasised its importance as a place of worship. Shah Abbas and his three successors who continued the reconstructions are buried at the shrine. King Fateh Ali Shah (r. 1797-1834) had the shrine lavishly restored, leafing the main dome in gold and adding many fine embellishments including highly detailed tile work.

Access - Getting to Qom

There are buses to many destinations including Tehran (1.5 hours), Hamadan (5 hours), Kermanshah (8 hours), Yazd (8 hours), Shiraz (13 hours) and Esfahan (6 hours). There are infrequent trains to Tehran (approximately 2.5 hours).

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Shia Pilgrim Sites in and around Qom

The city of Qom is best known for the Holy Shrine of Masuma-e-Qom (S.A), sister of Imam Reza (A.S), the Eighth Imam of the Shia Isna Asheris (Twelver Shias). There are a number of pilgrim sites in and around Qom and Masjid-e-Jamkaran is also a short drive away.

Bait-un-Noor

It is believed that Bait-un-Noor is the place where Masuma-e-Qom (S.A) stayed on her way to Qom. She had taken ill and stayed there for about 7-9 days before she passed away. The room in which she stayed is visited by pilgrims from all over the world. Pilgrims usually offer a two rakat namaz here.

Chehel-e-Akhtataraan

Chehel-e-Akhtataraan (meaning forty stars) is the place where forty Imamzadas have been buried. Also buried here are Imamzada Moosa Mobaraqa, son of Imam Mohammed Taqi (A.S), the Ninth Imam of the Shia Isna Asheris (Twelver Shias) and his son.(

Summer Resorts

The tomb of Bibi Shakeesa, a lady who devoted her life to the service of the holy Imams is visited by many pilgrims. It is located on the outskirts of Qom city.

Ayatollah Mar'ashi Library

Born out of his concern for the loss of Shia intellectual heritage and his determination to preserve it, the Ayatollah Mar'ashi library houses over 70,000 volumes which include ancient calligraphies of the Qur'an, centuries-old compendiums on jurisprudence, formerly lost works of exegesis, rare letters and documents, and microfilms of over 13,000 rare manuscripts now unavailable together with ancient maps, astronomical charts, foreign periodicals, books in Urdu, Farsi, and Turkish. The library is open to the public, and any seminary student or researcher is welcome to freely utilize its resources for no charge.

School of Islamic Learning

Also located in the vicinity of the Holy Shrine of Masuma-e-Qom (S.A) is the school for Islamic teaching where students of Islamic theology and history undertake their studies.

Access: Qom

There are buses to many destinations including Tehran (1.5 hours), Hamadan (5 hours), Kermanshah (8 hours), Yazd (8 hours), Shiraz (13 hours) and Esfahan (6 hours). There are infrequent trains to Tehran (approximately 2.5 hours).

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